What is this plant gooseberry
The shrub is light-requiring and drought-resistant, but it does not tolerate heavy clay soils with a close location of groundwater, in such damp places the gooseberry produces almost no yield. The gooseberry has a highly developed root system, the shoots of most varieties are covered with spines and spines. The largest of them are located in the nodes at the base of the buds and leaves, while the internodes are characterized by small thorns.
Some varieties of gooseberry have a bushy shape with curved arcuate branches, others are compact, with the perennial branches arranged vertically or obliquely in the center of the bush, and the lateral branches are slightly curved. The largest berries of gooseberry can be small (up to 1.5 g), medium and large (from 6 g and more), their shape - oval, pear-shaped, round or ovate. Humidity of air and soil has a great influence on the ripening of gooseberry berries, in rainy weather they crack and fall off.
Gooseberry varieties are divided into North American, Western European and domestic, and each group has certain characteristics.Western European varieties are resistant to frost and demanding on the conditions of cultivation. They have large berries and good taste properties. However, in the conditions of the northern regions of Russia, the yield of large-fruited Western European gooseberry varieties is unstable.
North American varieties easily adapt to growing conditions; they are able to tolerate frosts down to -30 ° C without significant damage. Their disadvantage is small-fruited, however, it is compensated by annual high yields. Domestic large-fruited varieties of gooseberry can easily tolerate frosts down to -25 ° C and quickly recover after harsh winters.
Planting and care
Gooseberries are planted in elevated and well-lit areas. It is recommended to choose a place open from the south-west and protected from northern winds. For shrubs suitable loamy soils that have a deep arable horizon, while rich in humus. The groundwater level should not exceed 1.5 m.
Gooseberries are considered a self-fertile plant, but when planting several varieties, fertilization efficiency and yield increase. The distance in the row should be from 1 m to 1.25 m.The diameter of the landing pits is chosen depending on the composition of the soil: on heavy soils - 70 cm, on light - 50 cm.
Gooseberry seedlings are planted in the spring, until buds have blossomed, or in the fall. The most suitable time for planting shrubs is considered to be October. If the gooseberry is planted in the spring, do not forget about repeated watering.
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