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The most effective types of chemical peels

Modern women are available a great variety of different cosmetic procedures, allowing you to rejuvenate the skin and look natural. One of them is chemical peeling. Is it worth it to carry out such a procedure for you? And what kind of peeling is most effective?

What is chemical peeling?

Peeling is a deep cleansing of the skin. There are several varieties of it, and one of them is a chemical one, which imposes quite aggressive substances on the skin (various acids are most often used). With this procedure, the dead cells of the epidermis are removed, and sometimes its upper layers. And this influence stimulates regeneration, that is, the renewal of tissues, due to which the skin looks younger and fresh.

How is the procedure?

How to make a chemical peeling for the face? This procedure consists of several stages:

  1. At first the beautician will examine you with the purpose of an estimation of a status of a skin and revealing of available problems.After inspection, he will select the most suitable peeling option.
  2. Then follows the purification of the face. Make-up is completely removed, after which the entire skin surface is treated with a special agent. Commonly used lotions, cleansing and degreasing the face, as well as preparing the epidermis for further exposure.
  3. Next, the main previously selected drug is applied to the skin. The time of its exposure is determined by the cosmetologist, it depends on the aggressiveness of the substances that make up the composition and the degree of their impact on the epidermis, as well as on the skin condition.
  4. Now the composition needs to be removed. Probably a specialist will use a special neutralizer.
  5. Further the cosmetician will put a calming and humidifying cream.

The duration of one session depends on the area of ​​the treated zone and the time of exposure of the product to the skin. It usually ranges from 15-20 minutes to an hour. In some cases, a course of several procedures may be required.

If median or deep peeling is performed, then painful sensations may occur, so a specialist can suggest local anesthesia involving the use of lidocaine-based anesthetics and other similar substances.

Varieties of peeling

Chemical peels are divided into several varieties, depending on the degree of exposure to the skin. Below will be discussed in detail the main types.


Superficial peeling is considered the most gentle, as it affects only the upper layers of the epidermis and practically does not damage them, removing only dead cells. It is recommended for girls over 25-28 years old and can be held at home.

The main indications: the first mimic wrinkles, acne, enlarged or clogged pores, post acne, increased skin fatness.

Contraindications: dermatological diseases with localization in the treatment area, exacerbation of herpes infection, skin damage, periods of lactation and pregnancy, allergic reactions.

Features of the procedure: peeling is almost painless, only a slight tingling can be felt; the recovery period is fairly quick and easy; complex care is not required; sessions can be held several times a year with an interval of 2-8 weeks.

The most effective types of surface chemical peeling:

  • Fruit.For skin cleansing, fruit acids are used, for example, grape, malic, citric and others. They have a sparing effect on the epidermis and affect only its upper layers.
  • Glycolic peeling involves the use of glycolic acid and can be considered universal, as suitable for all skin types.
  • Retinoic peeling is called yellow, as the retinoic acid, which is different in orange-yellow, is used for the procedure.
  • Milk peeling involves the use of products based on lactic acid, which is characterized by a mild effect and is suitable even for allergic people and owners of sensitive skin.
  • Azelaic. The main component of the drugs - azelaic acid.
  • 20% salicylic. Used 20% salicylic acid.
  • Peeling Jessner. During the procedure, products containing salicylic and lactic acids, as well as resorcinol are used. The inventor of this method is Max Jessner.
  • Various combined peels are actively used with the use of products based on several components.
  • Peeling chloride is carried out with calcium chloride.


Median or medium peeling affects the deeper layers of the skin, it is recommended for girls and women aged 28-40 years.

Indications: wrinkles, pigment spots, stretch marks, scars, scars and other defects, the first signs of aging and aging of the skin, acne and post-acne. The procedure allows to increase the firmness and elasticity of the skin, eliminate minor imperfections and improve color.

Contraindications will be the same as for superficial peeling.

Features: the procedure is relatively safe (if carried out by a specialist and subject to compliance with the technology), but more aggressive than surface peeling; medial peeling is rather painful; skin care is required after the session (usually it involves the use of accelerating the healing process and some restrictions, for example, refusal from sunburn and other cosmetic procedures); the interval between sessions is 2-6 months.

Popular types of median peeling:

  • 30% salicylic peeling is performed with 30% salicylic acid.
  • Trichloroacetic or TCA-peeling. This is an organic substance whose effect on the skin was discovered in the middle of the last century.


Deep peeling affects all layers of the epidermis, and significantly damages them. The procedure is extremely aggressive and can only be performed by highly qualified specialists in cosmetic clinics or salons. This species is recommended for middle-aged women, that is, over 45-50 years of age.

Indications: wrinkles (including deep ones), pigment spots, scars and scars, stretch marks, pronounced signs of aging and flabbiness of the skin. The session allows you to achieve rejuvenation for almost 10-15 years.

Contraindications are the same as for the other two varieties, but a specialist can identify some others during the examination.

Features: the procedure is extremely painful and is associated with skin trauma, therefore it is performed only in clinics, and under general anesthesia and in the operating room; long rehabilitation period (its duration can reach two months); After the session, an extensive wound surface occurs, so special care is required, including treating the skin with antiseptics and anti-inflammatory agents, refusing to tan and use cosmetics, as well as taking antibiotics (to prevent infection); deep peels should be done once a year or even in several years.

Deep peels are carried out using preparations containing phenolic compounds.

Important rules

Several important rules that will make the peeling procedure effective and safe:

  1. Median and deep peels are carried out exclusively in the cabin and only by an experienced specialist after a thorough examination and identification of contraindications.
  2. Even if you decide to do peeling at home, consult an experienced and qualified specialist for advice. He, will pick up the best option and give recommendations on the procedure.
  3. It is important to maintain the intervals between sessions. And the deeper the impact, the longer the intervals should be. They can not be reduced, it can lead to unpleasant and undesirable consequences.
  4. It is important to follow all the recommendations of a cosmetologist, it will speed up the process of skin recovery and will allow to achieve the best results, as well as avoid unpleasant consequences.
  5. If during the procedure there are strong and unbearable pain, immediately inform the beautician.
  6. For the procedure at home, use only high-quality peeling preparations.

Choose the right type of peeling and improve the condition of your skin!

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