Stonehenge interesting facts
In Great Britain, on the Salisbury Plain not, towers a majestic structure of huge stones - megaliths. Three circles are laid out from the megaliths, one inside the other, and the diameter of the largest of them is approx. 33 m. Stone structures erected on a round earthen mound diameter of approx. 100 m. This complex is called Stonehenge. Now archaeologists have concluded that Stonehenge was erected in three stages between 3000 and 1500. BC. It is assumed that in 3000 BC. er a circle was drawn on the ground, a concentric ditch was dug and an embankment was erected.
There are more interesting facts about Stonehenge. After 1000 years began to put megaliths. Why there was such a long break - one of the many mysteries associated with this place. OK. 1500 BC. er Most Stonehenge structures were built. What is the purpose of this complex is not clear: some believe that it was an ancient sanctuary associated with the cult of the sun and symbolizing the heavenly circle. Others suggest that the megalithic complex was an ancient observatory.
There is no doubt that the arrangement of megaliths is connected with the position of the stars in the days of solstice and equinox. Still others say that Stonehenge can be both a temple and an observatory. Versions who built Stonehenge are many, but none of them are considered to be wealthy. According to one of them, it was built by the druids - the priests of the ancient Celts. At 3 km from the facility, they found a cemetery and the remains of a village that existed in 2600 BC. er But what kind of people lived in this village, what kind of people did they belong to? Scientists have not established. But one thing is clear: no matter who the builders of Stonehenge are, they have knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, and geology. An interesting fact: in 1986, UNESCO added the Stonehenge megalithic stone structure to the World Heritage List of Mankind.
The most interesting facts in the world about Stonehenge
In the past, at dawn on the summer solstice on June 21, an observer, standing in the center of the inner circle, could see the sun rising from behind the horizon and vertically rising above the megalith called Hill Stone (Heel Stone). By now, due to the fluctuations of the earth's axis, one must become not in the center, but choose a place.Nevertheless, Stonehenge is still perceived as a “temple of the sun”, and every year on June 21 thousands of tourists gather at the megaliths to meet the sunrise. Many dress up in spacious, long-sex robes, depicting ancient Celts. Sometimes performances are also organized, in which artists take part, also dressed in appropriate costumes.
Near Stonehenge is located 30 km to the north, in Avebury there is a similar megalithic complex, only more ancient. Avebury megaliths are arranged in a circle with a diameter of more than 300 m.
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