Rules for keeping prawns
If you want to diversify life in the aquarium, then try to keep it shrimp. But first find out which variety suits you, and how to properly care for such inhabitants.
Shrimps are decapod crustaceans that live in different bodies of water. There are more than two thousand species, but no more than fifteen can be kept in an aquarium, the rest are unlikely to get used to such conditions. Life expectancy is on average about three years.
Externally, shrimps are somewhat like crayfish, but they have a finer chitinous shell. There is no claw, but the color can be the most diverse: from white or light pink to red and even black. Also on the body there may be strips, specks.
What types are suitable for breeding at home?
If you want to have shrimp, it is best to choose freshwater species, as they will be able to live in an aquarium and will feel comfortable in captivity.Although other varieties are also suitable for breeding, they require more thorough and complex care, including salt water. Amano, cherry shrimps, Thai glass, Japanese, Khanka, snowflakes will be the best options for beginners.
Who can shrimp get along with? It all depends on the particular species, but many of these crustaceans are not aggressive and do not have hunting instincts, so that other inhabitants can also be present in the aquarium, for example, small and non-predatory fish, snails. But it is possible to organize a separate so-called "shrimp", in it can contact some individual species without consequences.
Choice and arrangement of an aquarium
For breeding shrimp should choose an aquarium with a volume of about 10-25 liters, depending on the total number of inhabitants. It should contain equipment that will help create optimal conditions. So, if the aquarium is densely populated, then it is worth using an aerator that will provide all the inhabitants with oxygen. A water filter will be required to clean the water, and it is necessary to use a sponge to prevent small shrimps from being sucked in by chance.In addition, it is advisable to cover the aquarium, as some active crustaceans can jump out of it.
The “interior” can include various snags, shards, locks and other items that shrimp will use for shelter and games. And you will certainly plant the plants in the ground, because they not only create habitat for the biological environment, but also partially provide crustaceans with food. Hardy and unpretentious small-leaved plants, such as Ludwigia, peristristum, cladaphora, and robefoot are ideal.
How to keep shrimp?
The content of the shrimp implies the following conditions:
- Water. Aquarium shrimp prefer fairly hard water, because it consists of substances used to strengthen the chitinous shells of crustaceans. In soft water, shells can become brittle and begin to break. Also, the water should be slightly alkaline or neutral (about 6.5-8.5 pH), since acidic can cause thinning of shells. Moreover, such parameters should be constant, with their oscillations shrimps can feel extremely uncomfortable or even die, because they are very sensitive to environmental changes.It is important and in time to change the water. This is done once a week, but only a fifth of the entire volume is replaced. Moreover, the new portion should have exactly the same qualities, remember this.
- Priming. Caring for the crustaceans in question assumes the presence of soil, since in them they can hide or seek food.
- Temperature. Shrimps can survive at a temperature of 15-17 to 30 degrees, but still the best values are 22-24 degrees. When lowering or increasing the crustaceans become less active, and sudden drops can be disastrous. But they will be able to withstand a gradual decrease (for example, by 5-10 degrees in one to two hours).
No wonder shrimps are considered to be orderlies, because they clean the aquarium from any debris, and it is, oddly enough, that they feed on them. Thus, the diet may include plant residues, the remains of dead inhabitants, the products of the vital activity of fish. But also these inhabitants of the aquarium are not averse to eat algae, insects. If you have equipped a "shrimp", then you can use the substrate for fish or even food from your table, for example, the remnants of vegetables for feeding.
Tip: if there is a lot of algae in the aquarium, then you can leave the shrimp unattended for one to two weeks, they will find food and will not die of starvation.
Shrimps are unpretentious and do not require complex care, but many of them are beautiful and active, so it is definitely worth getting these inhabitants of the aquarium.
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