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How is the uterus removed?

Unfortunately, women have to deal with the problem of genital diseases. This requires serious treatment, up to surgical intervention. In this article you will learn how to remove the uterus.

Hysterectomy

In medical practice, several methods of surgical intervention are classified, resulting in the complete removal of the uterus. This is called hysterectomy.

  • Complete removal of the uterus and cervix occurs with total (total) hysterectomy.
  • Incomplete hysterectomy allows to stop only the upper part of the uterus, while the cervix remains intact.
  • The result of radical hysterectomy is the complete removal of the uterus, cervix, upper vagina and supporting tissues.

This method of surgery, for women's health does not pass without a trace, it can serve as a provocative moment for the emergence of various kinds of complications. They can be avoided if such an operation is carried out in the post-menopausal period, when the reproductive (fertile) function of the woman is reduced or is completely absent.

If the operation is carried out before the appearance of menopause, then, in addition to emotional and psychological disorders, the occurrence of osteoporosis and frigidity is possible. It happens that after a vaginal hysterectomy, as a result of a narrowing and shortening of the length of the vagina, a woman experiences painful sensations during intercourse. This can permanently prevent her from sexual contact and create serious problems in family life. In the preclimacteric period after a general hysterectomy, women are most often prescribed a course of hormone replacement therapy.

Vaginal hysterectomy

During vaginal hysterectomy, resection (dissection, incision) in the upper part of the vagina is performed, and the uterus is removed through it. Such surgical intervention is indicated in case of prolapse of the uterus and at its small size. There are no scars or scars in the woman’s abdomen after such an operation. The rehabilitation period passes quickly and without complications. Vaginal hysterectomy is done with a lap-scan. It is placed in a small incision in the lower abdomen, and the surgeon can examine the pelvic organs.With the help of special surgical instruments, complete removal of the uterus is performed.

Abdominal hysterectomy

Now we learn how to remove the cervix. By abdominal hysterectomy. During this operation, an incision is made through the abdominal wall and the uterus and cervix are removed. Such an intervention is shown in the case if the size of the uterus is increased, there are fibroids, local adhesions, endometriosis, and also cancer of the uterus, ovaries. With abdominal hysterectomy, the risk of damage to the urinary tract is reduced, but the woman recovers after a long time.

How to remove polyps in the uterus

In the treatment of polyps used polypectomy. It comes down to their removal. After that, a mandatory histological examination of the polyp is carried out. In the case of recurrent polyps, it is necessary to cure the entire mucosa. In gynecology, scraping is an operation to remove the mucous membrane of the canal and cervix for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. This is done with endometrial hyperplasia, polyps and dysfunctional uterine bleeding. In order to diagnose curettage, the mucous membrane of the body and the cervical canal are made separately.

After removal of polyps, cryodestruction of the base of the polyp stem is performed.If the leg is located close to the external pharynx of the cervix, it is excised wedge-shaped. After this, scraping of the mucous membrane of the cervical canal is performed. A hysteroscope control is used to remove highly located polyps. After the removal of the polyp, it is advisable to always cure the mucous membrane.

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