How to make crafts on Cosmonautics Day
April 12a significant holiday begins - the World Day of Aviation and Cosmonautics. In all educational institutions with children they carry out all kinds of educational activities on this subject, organize exhibitions and competitions, and provide an opportunity to express themselves in the works. On this day, remember the great feat of Yuri Gagarin and the entire Soviet people in television and radio programs, on thematic evenings and holidays.
In this workshop, I will show you how to make crafts for Cosmonautics Day with step-by-step photos of your own hands - an astronaut, a satellite, a solar system, a rocket, etc.
The astronaut, the conqueror of space outside the planet Earth is a dangerous profession, however, all the children of the world dream of becoming such brave heroes. To achieve your goal, you should work long and hard, train, temper and learn.
Astronaut is the most desirable profession for boys who want to conquer the universe.And they with special trepidation are watching space flights, discoveries in infinite space, adventures of great people.
DIY handicrafts for the Day of Cosmonautics - 10 options
Cosmonaut from plasticine
By the Day of Astronautics, we will prepare a wonderful handcraft made of plasticine - it's an astronaut. His figure is molded by a fairly simple method. The main thing is to show a spacesuit, a special outfit.
In April, you can make a similar object in preparation for a significant event.
What will be needed for crafting:
- white and blue (or gray) plasticine;
How to blind a figure of an astronaut in stages
We need to show, first of all, a human figure. To make a real spacesuit, in which a person can be in space for a long time, breathe and be protected from radiation, you should choose white clay, complement it with blue inserts.
Blind some white soft plastic parts. The trunk should be elongated, the head - round, but slightly flattened.Sleeves and clothing on the legs can be composed, consisting of individual balls. Make a few small balls for further modeling of four limbs.
Secure the head and torso. Helmet can be flattened immediately, on the front of the white ball glue round windshield blue or gray. Gradually, the appearance of an astronaut begins to emerge.
Stick on the torso extra parts, fasten your seat belts. This can be done if you stick a gray plate with several points in front and also cross fasteners on the chest.
Now continue the build by adding legs and arms. From three-four balls of white color, prepared earlier, make legs. If the clay has already hardened, cooled, badly sticks, then you can put toothpicks inside.
Make the blue or gray parts at the bottom. Of course, shoes in flight are useless, but it is still customary to depict something like her on her feet.
Using a similar technique, glue your hands by adding blue gloves to the bottom.The cosmonaut's spacesuit must be completely sealed, isolated from the environment, or rather, from its absence, because there is no atmosphere in space.
But a person must always breathe oxygen. To do this, you must build a tube and oxygen bottles. To do this, make a thin thread of blue clay, as well as the blue bar. Stick one end of the tube in front of the helmet glass.
Back to the back, glue the bag with oxygen and the second end of the tube.
Now the astronaut is ready to go far to the moon or even further to Mars or Venus - to conquer the infinite space of the universe.
Plasticine application for the Day of Cosmonautics "Flight to the Moon"
Have you ever tried to draw with plasticine, and not just draw, spreading different shades of soft mass on paper, but create real pictures from thin flagella? You have the opportunity to try this interesting method of creativity, if you read this article.In this lesson we will discuss an unusual craft for the Day of Cosmonautics, which the whole country celebrates on April 12.
The proposed hand-made article is relevant because it is an appliqué or card, which can be called "Flight to the Moon." Shown here is a fragment of outer space, a high-speed rocket approaching the surface of the moon. The main background is created in the form of flagella, now consider how.
To create a space application, prepare:
- plasticine of different blue and purple hues to create a general background;
- yellow, orange, white clay to create cosmic bodies and particles of the moon;
- White and gray plasticine for a rocket
- cardboard of any color;
- case from an old pen
How to make an application for the Day of Cosmonautics with your own hands
First, prepare the cardboard and blue, purple clay. There is a long, albeit meticulous work on the creation of flagella. It is better to use soft varieties of material.
Tear off small portions from the prepared dark pieces, knead in your hands,roll thin sausages. These sausages can be of different thickness and size. Also use different shades of plasticine and even mix the available pieces. You need to make enough material to cover the main part of the picture completely, without gaps.
Mix a little yellow and orange clay. Paste the resulting cake in the bottom corner of the picture. Simulate the cheese by using the body from the old handle. This will be part of the satellite of the Earth.
Begin to randomly glue dark sausages. Do it with ease, without singling out straight lines. First scatter a few sausages to indicate some boundaries for convenience.
Then gradually fill the entire free surface of the application. For reliability, you can press down the picture on top of your palm. Thus, you will get plausible outer space if you use clay of different shades.
Make a flat oval piece for the rocket body, as well as gray legs. The orange and yellow colors of clay are needed for an escaping flame.
Glue a rocket with a flame and portholes. Now she is rapidly flying towards the Moon or even further.
Stick a few sparkling stars that twinkle in infinite space to complete your space composition.
It turned out such an interesting hand-made article for the Day of Cosmonautics.
Paper Origami Rocket
What child doesn’t dream of flying far beyond the Earth’s boundaries on a real rocket, to become a space explorer, become famous and get the status of the strongest and bravest? To do this, you need to be an astronaut and train for a long time to get in sufficient physical shape.
But no one will forbid us to dream, nor does it forbid us to engage in interesting handicrafts. Together with the child, you can make an interesting model of an origami paper out of paper - this is a version of crafts for the Day of Cosmonautics. Even the smallest children will aspire to such a lesson.
Cut 2 identical squares from a sheet. Use one yourself, and give the other one into the hands of the baby. Perform all movements slowly.You will see how easily the child will repeat all the movements after you and get his own model of the rocket.
And the reward will be the porthole. To him you can glue a small photo of the young designer. Thus, such a rocket can be considered as an unusual frame for photography. The captain of the spacecraft, of course, will be the child who tried so hard to make it.
To create a rocket using the origami technique, you will need:
- Bright paper
- children's small photo;
- red cardboard
- black marker.
How to make a rocket with your own hands
You will need a square to work. It is better to take a finished square sheet. If only rectangular sheets are available, then one corner can be turned by combining the short side with the long adjacent side, then cutting off the excess. In this case, it will turn out a fold along one diagonal, which is not needed in the work, but it will not hurt.
Expand the square and fold the height in half.
Roll out the paper and fold 2 parallel sides of the square to it and each other to a dedicated lane. Get some kind of stavki.
Unfold the paper and, turning the square so that the fold is vertical, close 2 corners in the center, highlighting the shape of the house.
Now, leaving the formed corner in its original position, re-bend along the previously marked lines. Unscrew one side first.
Then, return the side to its original position, but not completely, but by making a bend in the center. Thus, one side of the rocket will be highlighted.
The same folding procedure is carried out from the opposite side. Bend the side first.
Then return in the same direction, but taking a bend in the center. Thus, the folded paper model will already look like a rocket with a high sharp dome.
Turn the paper over. Using the scissors in the lower part (at the junction of the rocket wings and the body) make small incisions. Bend the corners and glue to highlight the wings.
Make a paper model.
Now decorate your craft. First, you were preparing a small photograph of the child. Make it round. Stick as a porthole on the front of the rocket. Cut out the red cardboard zigzag patterns of the flame escaping from the bottom of the rocket. Glue the bottom. Use a black marker to draw stripes on the wings.
Everything is ready to go to a distant space flight, play with a new toy.
Plasticine solar system - child developmental craft
If you want to study with our child the structure of our solar system, show him how the planets are located relative to the sun, then we offer a fascinating lesson for this. The unusual model of the solar system can be made of clay. The version in the form of a mini-panel is shown here, however, having taken these tips into service, you can create a big picture, a whole playing field for kindergarten children or schoolchildren, even to sign each planet. This idea is successful, because children themselves can participate in the creation of a whole galaxy.
To create a model of the solar system, prepare:
- round cardboard base of any size;
- black (or dark blue) clay for base;
- several different colors to create planets, the sun, stars (in the process of working, colors can be mixed, combined as you see fit);
- a thin stack or a toothpick.
How to make a development craft for children
Plasticine itself is already a developing material, only you need to invent a craft that you want to make from it. The solar system is shown here.
If you have a real planetarium in the city, then the child will be interested to watch a developing 3D video, then repeat what he saw, using plasticine. If there is no planetarium, then information about the device of the Universe can still be conveyed, and knowledge can be consolidated by modeling a unique panel.
Cut a circle out of cardboard. Prepare soft black clay to cover the surface of the base. Glue the black piece with your finger in the center, begin to stretch the soft mass in different directions, right through.
Smooth out the black mass so that the entire cardboard surface is covered with a thick layer. Observe the required smoothing mode. Distribute clay from the center to the edges. Superfluous simply clean to get the necessary foundation. Thus, the model of the expanding Universe will turn out, the center - this clearly demonstrates.
Prepare a small piece of bright yellow plasticine to create the sun. And in the next step you will need a stack.
Glue the yellow piece to the center. Then stretch it in different directions. Thus, it is necessary to show the scorching, red-hot heavenly body. Only the sun should be compact, measure. The edge stacks apply rings in a circle, it will be the orbits along which the planets revolve around the sun.
Make all 9 planets of the solar system. Consider proportional sizes, characteristic shade. If you need a few bars can be mixed together. For example, for Mars it is better to mix the red and black pieces, make the Earth from green and blue clay, do not forget about the famous satellite - the Moon, and in Saturn you must show the orbital ring.
Begin to fix the planets on the panel, starting with the very first orbit. This is where Mercury will be located. And Earth is the third planet.
Fill in the circle all 9 planets, gradually removing them from the sun.
An interesting developmental craft for children is ready. Plasticine parts can be removed and reattached to their places.
Space satellite of plasticine
How many such technically complex objects fly around the planet Earth, performing important functions for humanity. The satellites are primarily needed for communications, weather monitoring, mapping of the terrain and geological prospecting. We would not be able to fully watch TV, use the Internet, especially people living in remote regions without these enormous people, plowing the orbit of the Earth.
It is difficult to imagine modern life without such fruits of the great achievements of scientists. All the details are known only to the designers. If you also want to feel with the child as the creator of the satellite, clay and this interesting guide to its creation will help you in this.
To create a satellite with your own hands, prepare:
- plasticine set;
- thin and tough wire;
How to make a satellite model with your own hands
Prepare everything you need to work. Since we are preparing a model of a technically complex unit, we will need, in addition to clay, also some fasteners, parts for the antenna. All this can be done from matches and wires. Now consider a drawing or photo of a suitable subject.
From the blue clay mold the main part of the satellite in the form of a truncated cone. You also need to somehow elevate the detail. To do this, prepare a thin thread and soft yellow clay.
Make a border around the upper and lower rings using a thin thread. Also add small yellow windows, pushing through each toothpick. The main part of any satellite is an antenna that receives and transmits information to Earth. Make plasticine from any color plate. Insert in the center of the wire from three thin pieces.Make a believable design.
Attach a parabolic plate on one side of the structure. From other bright plasticine, for example, green, make solar panels. They are necessary for such a unit, since they feed with electricity all the mechanisms, converting solar energy.
In fact, the satellite functions as a whole due to this energy. Make the surface of the panels ribbed using the stacks. Usually they are thin rectangles, we will show those.
Insert the matches into the front panel and into the sides to attach all the important details of the design. This will be the antenna and solar panels. Now our unit is already very similar to an artificial cosmic body.
Add another fastener to the opposite side of the antenna. Here you can also show a ledge with windows. Although the shape of the unit, you can create absolutely any.
Collect the craft. Now you have an object that we can only see on TV. Although astronauts see a lot of satellites in flight.Moreover, they even have to repair them, go into outer space, carry out prevention. Such a dangerous and interesting work awaits cosmonauts - conquerors of infinite space.
Space Rocket development game
A very entertaining educational game in the form of a rocket with an astronaut.
This toy primarily develops the fine motor skills of a child. The Kid learns to put pushers in their eyelets, pass small objects into the holes. And, of course, let's not forget that this is a toy, not a task or an exercise. Playing, you can come up with a lot of plots and fairy tales.
A detailed workshop here.
How to make a paper rocket
In this master class, look like a toy paper rocket with your son or daughter.
In order to launch it into the air, you will need a cocktail tube. Carefully introduce it under the lower part of the rocket and blow it. This will lift the rocket up some distance, the height of the climb will depend on the force of the exhalation and the weight of the craft itself.
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