Two Year Grapes - How To Grow Grapes In Your Garden



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How to Grow Grape Vines

Two Parts:

Grapes are certainly a multi-purpose fruit, being used for wine, baked goods, jams, and for eating fresh off the vine. With their ability to grow in many places around the world, they are a great addition to any garden.

Steps

Preparing for Planting

  1. Choose a type of grape.As with any plant, certain types of grapes grow better in different areas and offer up different flavors and appearances. There are three general types of grapes: American, European, and Muscadine grapes. American grapes grow best in warm, sunny climates like that of central California. European grapes are common in Europe and Northern parts of the US, and Muscadine grapes are commonly found in the Southern US.
    • Within each general type of grapevine, there are multiple species to choose from which each offer up their own flavor, color, texture, and size. Visit a local nursery to find one that fits your needs and environment.
    • Select plants that look healthy and strong, and are 1 year old. When possible, get them certified virus-free to ensure that their healthy growth is continued.
    • Look for plants that have an even root distribution, and whose canes are symmetrical.
  2. Prepare your own grapevine cuttings.If you or a friend has another grapevine you’d like to plant from, you can take a cutting and plant it in a new location. To use your own cuttings: Cut the sections directly from the vine or from brush that has recently been pruned off. Make sure the cutting is 3 nodes long (the nodes will look like bumps). At the bottom of the cutting, make the cut at an angle. This cut should be at 45 degrees and 1/4 to 1-inch above the node.
    • When taking cuttings, plant as many as possible - in as many locations as possible - to have a higher chance of success. Surplus plants can be given away.
  3. Select a suitable location.Grapevines are long term plants that can live between 50 and 100 years. Therefore, make sure that the location you select is a permanent one that will offer up plenty of room for future grapevines. Grapevines thrive in sloped and hilly areas that offer up plenty of drainage and sunlight. When possible, plant your grapevines on a downward slope on a south-facing hill, in an area clear of other trees and large plants.
    • In cold areas be sure to plant the grapevines in a sunny area, preferably facing south. A southern facing location may prevent frost nipping the vines. Also avoid "frost pockets" such as low-lying areas or the base of a slope, where cold air can pool and ruin a crop.
    • If you live in the Southern Hemisphere, north-facing slopes are sunnier.
  4. Prepare the soil.Grapevines are a bit picky about their soil conditions, so make sure your are just right before planting. Use soil that slightly rocky or sandy with a pH just above 7. Amend the soil to promote good drainage if necessary, as water-logged roots are not conducive to healthy growing grapevines.
    • For best results, take a soil sample to an agricultural extension office or soil testing laboratory for a complete soil test. This is usually cheap or free. If this is not possible, test the soil pH with an at-home kit and add pH adjusters to your soil if necessary.
    • Although it may seem counterintuitive, grapevines do not like soil that is too nutrient-rich. Avoid heavily fertilized soil when possible, and follow recommendations from a soil test result or an experienced local grower.
  5. Prepare a trellis for your grapevines.Grapevines are, as the name implies, vine plants that grow upwards along a support structure. If you are not planting your grapes along a fence or other structure, construct or buy a trellis for them to grow along. This is typically a wooden structure made of intertwined boards that allow the vines to wrap around them, providing a sturdy support system.
    • Latticed wood and wire can be purchased and attached to fence posts for an easy homemade trellis, if you don’t have the funds or ability to purchase or make your own.
    • Don’t use a single stake (as you might for tomato plants) as this won’t provide enough support for your vines once they start growing.
  6. Know when to plant.Wait to plant your grapevines until a frost-free day in late winter or early spring. Pruning should happen around this time in upcoming years as well. Contact your local agricultural service for exact planting dates.

Planting Your Grapevines

  1. Plant your grapevines.Depending on the species of grapes you are planting, spacing will be different for each plant. For American and European grapes, plant each vine 6–10 feet (1.8–3.0 m) apart. Muscadines require much more space, and should be planted approximately 16 feet (4.9 m) apart. Plant the cuttings in a trench with the basal and center bud covered. The top bud should be just above the soil surface. Press the soil firmly around the newly planted grapevine cuttings.
    • How deep you plant the vines will depend on the age and size of each individual plant. Don’t bury the vine cane any higher than the first bud, but make sure the roots are completely covered in soil.
  2. Give your plants a good watering.Grapevines don’t prefer heavy water or rain, so after the first watering keep the amount of water you give them to a minimum. Keep water near the roots so that the majority of it gets absorbed rather than evaporated by the sun. If your area doesn’t get much rain, set up a drip system directly at the roots so that the grapevines get small amounts of water on a regular basis.
  3. Prune your grapevines.The first year, the grapevine should not be allowed to produce any fully matured fruits as these can damage the young vine with their weight. Cut back all the fruit, as well as all the vines except for the strongest that branch off the cane. In later years prune as needed following established local practices, and prune back 90% of the new growth on older vines each year.
  4. Prune vines when dormant.Always always prune grapevines when they are dormant. They will otherwise bleed their sap - losing vigour. This is typically in late winter when it is no longer cold enough to frost outside.
  5. Apply pest control as needed.Little pest control is needed as grapevines are naturally hardy. Keep weeds at bay by hand-weeding on a regular basis, and cover you grapevines in bird net to keep birds away if necessary. Seek guidance from your local gardening club or agricultural extension on how to combat the Vine Moth. It is one of the few pests that can decimate grapevines.
    • Be sure to plant the grapevines so they receive enough airflow to prevent .
    • Aphids can be a problem for grapevines; ladybugs are a natural consumer of aphids and will not damage your vines further.
  6. Harvest your grapes when appropriate.Strong, edible fruit likely won’t appear for anywhere from 1-3 years. When it appears, test its ripeness by picking a few grapes from different areas and tasting them. If the grapes are sweet, start picking as they ready for harvesting and eating.
    • Grapes will not continue to ripen after picking (as is the case with other fruits) so be sure not to pick them prematurely.
    • Color and size are not necessarily a good indication of ripe fruit. Only pick the fruit after you’ve tasted it and are certain it is ready.

Community Q&A

Search
  • Question
    How long from the time you first plant a bare root vine does it take to get actual grapes?

    Professional Gardener
    Andrew Carberry has been working with school gardens and farm to school programs since 2008. He was the Arkansas state lead for the National Farm to School Network for 5 years.
    Professional Gardener
    Expert Answer
    After first planting a bare root vine, expect to wait three years for your first good grape harvest.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    My vines are 60 years old and overgrown, How far back should I cut them?

    Professional Gardener
    Andrew Carberry has been working with school gardens and farm to school programs since 2008. He was the Arkansas state lead for the National Farm to School Network for 5 years.
    Professional Gardener
    Expert Answer
    Wait until early spring and cut back 90% of the vine. This will give your vines a fresh start and allow them to direct their energy to new growth.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Can I grow them from seed?
    Community Answer
    You can. In fact, there is a wikiHow article on this: How to Grow Grapes From Seeds. But be prepared to wait. It will probably be three or four years before you see real bunches of grapes.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I grow them in a greenhouse?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Pick the right kind, the one that needs warmth, like American, give it something to climb on, and it should grow.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Should I remove the dry leaves?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Yes, you should. If they are loose enough, you can simply pluck them off. If they are still firmly attached to the vine, you can snip them off with a clean pair of scissors instead.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I avoid getting sour grapes?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    For best results: Taste a grape before picking the cluster to see if they are fully ripe. Color is not an indicator, though the natural coating should be more apparent the closer to ripe they are. Pick ripe grapes just before a rain if possible, as rain will either make the grapes split or lose flavor.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    I bought a rooted plant at a nursery and it is starting to grow in the package, reaching for something to climb. It is too cold to plant it outside, what should I do?
    Community Answer
    Plant it in a pot, give it a stick or something else for support. Transplant it to the garden In spring.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Can I transplant an older grapevine that is 15 years old?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Yes. A reader transplanted one that was about 30 yrs old when it was dormant and ten years later it is still going strong.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Would soil or mulch be better for growing grapes?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Use mulch, it absorbs all the water as the grapes grow much more quickly than nothing there at all. It will also help the grapes to grow more refreshing and most of the grapes will not go moldy when mulch is in place.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Does grapes have to have full sunlight or can they be grown from the outside, then into the veranda roof area?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Full sun. Anything else and it will grow slowly and maybe never produce fruit.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • Can I plant sucker roots to grow a new vine? How?
  • Why have our grapes stopped growing They are tiny like little balls with white spots?
  • Is growing grapes possible here in the Philippines? And if yes what would be the best class of grapes to choose?
  • Why arent my grapes not ripening evenly?
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Video

  • If you ever have any questions about the growth of your grapevines, call your local agricultural extension.
  • Some popular wine grapes include:
    • Merlot
    • Syrah
    • Chenin Blanc
  • Some popular eating grapes include:

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Quick Summary

If you want to grow grape vines, pick a spot plenty of drainage andsunlight with slightly rocky or sandy soil. Either install a trellis or plant your grapes along a fence so the vines will have support as they grow. Plant your vines in late winter or early spring, placing the cuttings in a trench so the basal and center bud covered and the top bud is just above the soil surface. Give the plants a good watering, but then keep the water you give them to a minimum.

Success Stories

Mitchell Lewis

Mar 28, 2019

"Great article. I'm just thinking of planting grapes and this was what I needed. It covered everything from pickinga location, what type of grapes, and the distance between plants, to the proper time to plant and prune and how and when to harvest. Thanks."

Janet Bullock

Jan 1, 2019

"I moved to my new home and was lucky enough to have grape vines there along with pear trees. The problem is thatboth have been neglected and have signs of age on them. I have been wondering how much pruning I could do to the vines without hurting them."

Larry Pile

Jan 4, 2019

"How to prune was the most helpful. I have been to vineyards and noticed how the plants only had one vertical andtwo horizontal sprouts, but never knew why. This explained this very well, and now I'm excited to get some vines started."

Alejandra Andrea

Apr 11, 2019

"Very detailed instructions and the drawings help a lot, too. I'll soon be given my first vine cuttings, so I'mlooking for information on how to make new plants. Thanks for a nice and useful article!"

Arlene Brislen

Mar 8, 2019

"The basic steps, drawings and videos were very helpful to someone just starting to plant fruit trees or grapes.This took you through "Basics for Dummies" like me."

Deb Miller

Apr 9, 2019

"We've had grape vines for a few years. We enjoy the jelly I make from them. I did get a few facts I didn't knowfrom this article. Thanks for the information."

Gary Combs

Mar 8, 2019

"A very insightful article that offers practical yet in-depth information. I just ordered my first grape vines. I'mlooking forward to planting time."

Jeff Spoor

Aug 11, 2019

"Very helpful with information on starting new vines from clippings, definitely going to try this next year when I'mready to expand my vineyard."

Jenendro Konjengbam

May 4, 2019

"I am planing to make grapevines to produce alot of grapes for our society after reading your articles. It gives mea lot of knowledge.Thank you."

Laura Frese

Apr 5, 2019

"I am just starting this adventure and the general overview was very good to help decide how to start preparing forplanting."

Jeanette Hershman

Nov 27, 2019

"I learned a lot. Best time to prune (late winter). Grape plants don't like fertilizer, or too much water."

Chris Plunkett

May 12, 2019

"When and how much to prune. Also, growing grapes from cuttings and the use of mulch."

Florence Kaplan

Jun 23, 2019

"I was happy to get details as to the method of starting a grapevine from a cutting!"

James Purcell

Apr 17, 2019

"This article was very detailed and covered all a beginner needs to know, thank you."

Persis Aji

May 18, 2019

"It's useful. I have a grapevine at home and I just wanted to know more."

Masood Ashraf

May 11, 2019

"I am a new grape-grower and I learned enough from your article. Thanks."

Robin O'Connor

Aug 8, 2019

"The basic details about grapes and how to care for them helped."

Gay Henderson

May 30, 2019

"Helped greatly. Was unsure when to prune and about fertilizer."

Doug Lane

May 5, 2019

"It's very useful how it provides pictures and shows examples."

Bob Hagar

Mar 25

"Just starting out with grape growing. Lots of helpful tips."

Eric Anderson

May 18, 2019

"Very helpful. Your input was just what I wanted. "

Uffe Schwender

May 23, 2019

"Great and simple information.





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Date: 01.12.2018, 18:29 / Views: 51463