How to get rid of severe itching of the skin?
Itching is extremely unpleasant, and at times just a painful symptom, from which any person who encounters with it wishes to get rid as soon as possible. Find out the possible causes of this symptom and the main methods for its elimination.
What is itching, how does it manifest?
Before enumerating the manifestations of itching, it is worth to understand the mechanism of its occurrence It usually develops due to irritation of the nerve receptors that literally penetrate the skin. They can be affected by various substances transported with blood and present in it in high concentrations.
These may be responsible for reactions to stimuli and allergens histidine and histamine, produced by the liver and not having time to get bile acids out of the body, some slag or toxic substances, the hormones endorphin and serotonin, as well as enzymes synthesized by the body and other components.
Depending on the mechanism of occurrence of itching, there are the following types of it:
- Physiological itching occurs as a result of a direct impact on the skin, for example, insects crawling on it or tickling.
- Proprioceptive pruritus occurs after irritation of the so-called proprioceptors responsible for the sensitivity of the skin, for example, after insect bites.
- Neuropathic itching develops when exposed to nerve endings, fibers or receptors, and can occur in various diseases.
- Neurogenic pruritus does not depend on the nerve trunks and has a central genesis.
- Psychogenic itching can occur on the background of phobias or mental disorders, for example, fear of crawling insects.
- Mixed form combines several types.
Itching manifests itself in the form of a strong desire to scratch the skin, and it can be both localized and affecting a particular limited area of the body, as well as extensive and widespread, covering almost the entire surface of the skin. The occurrence of unpleasant sensations on the face, hands, scalp, palms, feet, thighs, legs, chest, back, in the groin, near the anus, between the fingers is likely.
Often this symptom is accompanied by others: red spots, burning, hyperemia, redness, rash, swelling, peeling and dryness. The expressiveness of sensations can also be different: sometimes itching is mild, sometimes it is just painful, causing discomfort and suffering and forcing you to comb an itchy place into blood.
Why does itch it?
The reasons for which there is a strong or, conversely, a slight itch of the skin, are numerous and diverse:
- Allergic reactions. Allergens may be present in consumed food, medications taken, plant pollen, air used in the materials used for clothing, in washing powder.
- Insect bites, for example, mosquitoes, lice, midges, bugs, ticks. The body can react to them sharply and respond with severe itching, swelling, redness.
- Parasitic infestations. Even if the parasites are inside the body, and not on the skin, they will release toxic products of their vital activity, penetrating the blood and perceived as foreign, that is provoking allergies.
- Diseases of internal organs, for example, liver, kidneys, bile ducts.When they are in the body, some substances (bile acids, urea) stagnate, stimulate nerve receptors and provoke a number of unpleasant symptoms.
- Itching on the external genitalia can be a consequence of sexually transmitted sexually transmitted diseases.
- Endocrine diseases, such as diabetes, hyperteriosis. When they are violated metabolic processes, and this can also cause irritation of receptors and nerve endings.
- Often, various dermatological diseases are accompanied by itching: psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema.
- Skin infections, with both bacterial and fungal and viral, for example, herpes, shingles, mycoses, candidiasis.
- Non-compliance with personal hygiene. Contamination can also cause severe itching.
- Hormonal failures and perestroika, observed during menopause, pregnancy, pregnancy.
- Avitaminosis. The lack of certain vitamins and other elements (such as zinc, vitamins C, groups B, A) can adversely affect the condition of the skin and provoke its itching, peeling, and dryness.
- Nervous disorders and phobias, such as insect phobia.
- Certain diseases of the central nervous system and brain: multiple sclerosis, various tumors.
- Disorders of blood formation, blood circulation and lymph flow, observed in some diseases: myeloma, lymphogranulomatosis, mastocytosis, polycythemia.
How to solve a problem?
What should I do if I have severe itching? To get rid of it, you need to work on the causes and eliminate them. For this, antiparasitic, sedative, antihistamine, hormonal, antibacterial agents, sorbents, vitamin complexes and many other drugs that are directed to the factors provoking the development of itch can be used. But they must appoint a doctor after diagnosis.
To eliminate the symptom itself and the relief of the condition, you can use some local pharmacy drugs. For bites and allergic reactions, antihistamine gels and creams are used, for example, Fenistil. For dermatological diseases, zinc-based drugs are effective. In severe cases, corticosteroids are prescribed.
To quickly relieve itching, you need to follow the rules of personal hygiene.It is especially important to take a shower regularly, but without using aggressive detergents. Lightened condition cool water. The room in which a person resides should often be ventilated and, if necessary, humidified if the air is dry (or, on the contrary, dried at high humidity).
Will help eliminate unpleasant manifestations of folk remedies:
- Use broths of medicinal plants for rubbing, lotions and compresses, especially succession, oak bark, sage, chamomile. They can also be added to the bath.
- Treat the itchy areas with a weak soda solution (a teaspoon of powder to a glass of cool water).
- The essential oils of peppermint, eucalyptus and tea tree, dissolved in water or natural base oils: peach, almond, olive.
- You can treat the skin with aloe juice.
If you encounter such an unpleasant symptom as an itch, find out its causes and begin to act as soon as possible to alleviate your condition.
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