How much should a newborn eat?
When a new family member is born in a family, new parents will inevitably have a lot of questions. One of the most pressing issues after the birth of a baby - how much should a newborn eat? Such a question is most relevant for those mothers who feed or feed the baby with formula. Many people think that a child can determine for himself how much food he needs, but this is not always the case.
In this article we will tell you how much the infant should eat the mixture for normal growth and development in the first month of his life and how to determine if he is getting enough breast milk.
When feeding with milk mixtures
If for some reason you were forced to abandon breastfeeding, you will have to feed the baby with special milk formulas. The amount of milk or mixture consumed by the child, in each case is the value of a purely individual.
Below is information about how much a newborn should eat - the table is arranged by day.These data are average indicators of the amount of milk needed by a newborn in the first week of his life:
- day 1 (from 0 to 24 hours) - 7 ml (a little more than a teaspoon);
- day 2 (from 24 to 48 hours) - 14 ml (slightly less than 3 teaspoons);
- day 3 (from 48 to 72 hours) - 38 ml;
- day 4 (from 72 to 96 hours) - 58 ml;
- day 7 (144 to 168 hours) - 65 ml.
Data is based on one feeding. The number of feedings is determined by the mother depending on the needs of the child and the doctor's recommendations, but not less than 6 times a day and not more than 12.
It’s difficult to say how much ml a newborn should eat on every next day of life. Usually they try to increase the volume in such a way that by the month the baby eats 100-120 ml of the milk formula in one feeding.
In order to calculate how many grams a newborn should eat per day, many use the division technique by 5 (relevant for children from one month on). If your child weighs 3.5 kg, then to calculate the daily norm of food, his weight must be divided by 5. Thus, the baby must consume 700 g of the mixture / milk per day, which are divided into even quantities by the number of meals. For the 3rd and 4th month - 1/6 of the body mass, for the 5th and 6th month - 1/7 of the mass, from 7 months - 1/8 of the body mass.
Breastfed babies require significantly less milk than those who are fed mixtures. With artificial feeding, children cannot independently control the volume of the mixture they need at each feeding. If the child feels that he has eaten too much, he will burst the excess. Afraid of this is not worth it. Regurgitation within 30 ml is considered normal. Just in the next feeding you need to give a little less food.
If you can’t pick up the amount of feed you need for feeding, and the child regularly overeats, it’s possible that the bottle is too large in the feeding bottle. Turn the bottle over - the mixture should drip slowly out of the hole, but not overflow.
If you are breastfeeding, it is impossible to track how much milk it consumes at a time. It is possible to determine whether the baby receives enough nutrition only by secondary signs:
- your breast should become softer after feeding;
- during feeding, you should hear the baby swallow the milk;
- the child himself refuses to breast at the end of feeding;
- after feeding, he looks calmer and most often falls asleep;
- the diaper has to be changed several times a day;
- feces soft, has a yellowish tint.
Do not worry if the newborn in the first few days of life lose a little weight. Already in a maximum of a week he will start to gain weight day by day. At the age of 2 weeks, most babies weigh as much or a little more than they weighed at birth.
The first feeding usually takes about 40 minutes. However, over time, the process will proceed much faster and on average will take from 5 to 30 minutes.
Remember that when breastfeeding in the first days of life, when the child does not eat anything else but milk, he should additionally be given vitamin D.
How to determine that a child consumes enough food?
A healthy child who consumes a sufficient amount of food:
- is mobile, looks contented and responds adequately to external stimuli;
- gradually but steadily gaining weight and growing;
- regularly feces and pissing in the diaper;
If the baby after feeding looks unhappy, irritated and often cries, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
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