February 23 - the history of the holiday Defender of the Fatherland Day, a presentation for children. How did the holiday Defender of the Fatherland Day appeared on February 23
At the holiday on February 23, history is rich in various unexpected events. The celebration was repeatedly renamed and transferred to other dates. The emergence of a significant event was associated with the birth of the Red Army, but in modern Russia the holiday was transformed from a purely military into a more universal version, briefly referred to as Defender of the Fatherland Day. Today, February 23, the country is celebrated very widely and magnificently, and congratulations are received by all male representatives, both adults and children. On the eve of a significant day in schools,at enterprises and organizations they hold various solemn events, at which they celebrate the strong half of humanity and in every possible way admire such masculine qualities as courage, courage and ability to always come to the rescue of those who need it.
February 23 - the history of the holiday and its modern significance in Russia
The history of the February 23 holiday in Russia is rooted in the distant past, directly related to the moment of the overthrow of the tsarist regime and the Decree on the creation of the Red Workers 'and Peasants' Army, issued by the Presidium of the People's Commissars of the young Soviet Republic. This momentous event happened on January 15, 1918, and the treasury allocated 20 million rubles for the formation of combat units, which were considered at that time to be a tremendous amount.
In Petrograd, on February 21, the first point on receiving volunteers began to work actively, and Vladimir Lenin spoke on the streets and squares, urging citizens to join the ranks of the defenders of the young Socialist Fatherland. The recruitment was rather tense, but in the end the required number of people was found and the newly assembled units were able to fight back the external and internal enemy.
Initially, they wanted to celebrate the anniversary of the Red Army on the day of the signing of the decree on its creation, then they considered it as a celebratory date on February 17, but in the end they singled out the next Sunday, which fell at that moment on February 23, for the celebration. True, for some mysterious reason, the military holiday did not take root, and within four years it was hardly remembered either in society or at the state level.
The second life date has found only in 1922, when from the pen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee issued a decision on the solemn celebration in the country of the fourth anniversary of the victorious and glorious Red Army. In 1923, a significant day was celebrated very widely and pompously, not only in the capital, but in all, even the most remote regions of the state. It was then that the date for the first time received the official name - the Day of the Red Army and this name was later approved by the Revolutionary Military Council of the young Soviet Republic.
During the reign of Joseph Stalin, the attitude changed somewhat. At the insistence of the authorities, the date was surrounded by various myths and created a lot of legends around it, suggesting that on February 23, 1918, courageous Red Army soldiers dealt a crushing blow to the enemy troops stationed near Narva and Pskov.Thus, an attempt was made to destroy unpleasant facts for the country about the defeat and the signing of the ultimatum presented by the German side.
After the victory of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War, the perception of February 23 in the country changed again. The army was admired, and the military was literally carried in their arms. Since 1946, the holiday became one of the most beloved by the people, and practically every family considered it their duty to celebrate it. Around the same time, he became known as the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy. Years passed and the holiday gradually lost its purely military coloring. Gradually, from February 23, they began to congratulate absolutely all men, including even those who, due to certain life circumstances, did not serve in the army.
The meaning and meaning of the holiday on February 23 in modern Russia
The meaning and modern meaning of February 23 in Russia are somewhat different from what was adopted in the USSR. In 1995, State Duma deputies attempted to assign a new name to the significant date containing information about the victory of the Red Army over the military units of Kaiser Germany. However, this long and not quite true name lasted only a few years.
In 2002, the State Duma returned to discussing this issue and renamed February 23, Defender of the Fatherland Day. In addition, the date was declared non-working and the connection of this event with the hostilities of 1918 was finally broken.
In recent years, the military coloring of the holiday has faded somewhat, and it has become much more versatile. It is celebrated not only by men who bravely protect the borders of our Motherland from enemies, but also by those who have never held arms in their hands and protect only their family and close people from the dangers and adversities. In addition to adult representatives of the stronger sex, on February 23 congratulations are received by the congratulations of the boy, young men and young people who just have to show themselves as defenders of both the Fatherland and their relatives. The warmest, sincere and kind words on this day are also spoken by courageous, courageous women who have devoted their lives to serving in the army, law enforcement agencies or structures designed to protect the population from various dangers and cataclysms.
The celebration of February 23 is held in all cities bright and magnificent. Welcoming words to the heroes of the occasion are spoken by the first persons of the state, public figures and representatives of the deputies' corps. The monuments and memorials of the heroes lay flowers and carry candles.In the evening, the sky of the capital and large federal centers illuminate festive salutes, symbolizing the power, strength and dignity of Russian weapons and the courage of Russian soldiers.
History February 23 brief for children - a class hour in elementary school
With a brief history of the origin of the holiday on February 23, elementary school students can be introduced at the class hour. To burden children of 7-9 years with too detailed narration with a lot of details is not worth it. The guys just can not accept the abundance of historical facts, not always having a unique color. But the heroism of the Red Army soldiers and some important achievements of the Red Army is, of course, worth saying, as well as what exactly Russian soldiers did to stop Germany's attack on the Soviet Union.
In the second part of the event, it should be mentioned that today the holiday is not solely the prerogative of the military and promotes the qualities that every male citizen should enjoy, regardless of age, profession and social status. Children should understand that on February 23 the country honors brave people with an open heart, always ready to help, regardless of who it is required, to the state or an individual.
February 23 - story and video presentation for high school students
Telling the senior pupils the history of the appearance of such a holiday as on February 23 is worth adding to their speech with a bright and informative video presentation. Children 14-16 years old will be interested to see footage chronicles of those times or excerpts from thematic feature films. You can prepare for your speech musical accompaniment and give students the opportunity to listen to classical and modern songs dedicated to the heroes of various wars. It would be appropriate to mention not only the heroic military, but also the staff of various rescue services, who risk their lives just as often for helping people in completely peaceful conditions.
In order to make the words more vivid and better remembered, you should invite to the event someone from the veterans, active military, representatives of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, law enforcement agencies or firefighters. These people will be happy to tell students about the features of their professions and show the children that you can protect people not only with arms in the state border, but also in absolutely peaceful civilian conditions.
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