Features care for a Pekingese dog
Pekingese are considered by many to be lovely and funny dogs. But is it really? Learn all the features of the breed and some interesting features.
The history of the breed
Ancient China is considered the birthplace of the Pekingese. It was in this country that such funny and fancy small dogs with flattened faces were found for the first time. By the way, the name comes from the capital of China - Beijing. And especially these pets fell in love with the rulers, and sometimes they were provided with personal servants who provided complete care. Everyone admired these dogs, and in many respects because of their proud temper that didn’t correspond to their appearance.
There is one interesting legend, according to which, many, many years ago, the king of beasts fell in love with a mountain monkey, and the creature that has the face of a monkey and the character of a proud lion became the fruit of their feelings. Many other myths are associated with this breed, as evidenced by the images in the frescoes, paintings, illustrations for books.
External data and breed standards
A pekinese is a small dog, its height at the withers, as a rule, does not exceed 20-25 centimeters. The average weight of an adult individual is about 4-6 kilograms, and the girl can be somewhat larger than the male. The body is tightly folded, the paws are short, but rather powerful (the front ones are placed somewhat wider than the rear ones). The neck is short, the head is rather large, the forehead is wide. The ears are high, and although they are not large, they may look long because of the coat.
Particularly noteworthy face Pekingese. It is very wide, short, flattened and curled. The nose is black and has open nostrils, located almost at eye level. Eyes are usually dark, rather large and bulging, which also gives special features of appearance.
Another feature is the wool of Pekingese: it is long and sometimes reaches almost to the ground, dense, has a dense undercoat. The classic and most common color is red. But other variations are acceptable: from light to darker. Sometimes there are marks, but, according to the standards of the breed, they should fit organically into the color scheme and not spoil the appearance, but, on the contrary, make it more effective.
Species of the breed
Some believe that the dwarf Pekingese are varieties of the breed. But experienced breeders claim that there are no subspecies, and miniature representatives are "defective", have not reached the standard size. They have all the same qualities, are in fairly good health and live no less. To be called a dwarf, a dog must have a mass of no more than 3180 grams.
Interestingly: the full name of the breed, widely known among breeders is the royal or imperial Pekingese, and such a prefix is associated with the origin of these animals.
Pekingese have a rather complicated character. They are strongly attached to the owner and do not move away from him a single step, they can be jealous of him, and like other animals, as well as the rest of the family, including children. If there is a child in the house, then the pet will treat him fairly loyal, but pranks, most likely, will not tolerate.
The Pekingese dog is a good companion who can become a true friend. He is unlikely to run away from home because he appreciates comfort and is used to care. In addition, such animals just need attention, and if the pet suddenly feels its lack, it will certainly show it.If attempts to attract the owner’s gaze are not crowned with success, the Pekingese might be offended, because the main features of his character are pride and self-esteem.
Almost all Pekingese independent, so do not perceive the authority of the owner and do what they please, regardless of the opinions of others. These animals are very jealous of their things and personal territory, they protect it in every possible way (therefore, they can be considered as good watchmen).
As far as activity is concerned, the Pekingese are not very mobile, although sometimes they are not averse to playing a game, but it will certainly be followed by a well-deserved rest. And that is why the breed is suitable for older and calm people. But if you like silence, then such a pet will disappoint you, as he often barks and makes other sounds, for example, he snores, sneezes, grunts.
The Pekingese are quite clever, but their mental abilities are much inferior to some other breeds. They are poorly trained and practically do not give in to training, although simple commands will be able to learn. The basic principles of education are restraint, calm and patience. Crykov does not tolerate a favorite, he will certainly be offended or even take revenge.
Peculiarities of care
How to care for a pekinese? Observe the following rules:
- Brush your pet daily to remove loose wool.
- In the warm season of the Pekingese, you can cut it, it will not upset him.
- Bathing is also a mandatory procedure, but it should not be too frequent, it will be enough once a month.
- Keep your eyes clean, wash them regularly and protect them from damage.
- As it gets dirty, clean the folds on the face, as well as the ears.
- If the claws have become excessively long, they can be cut off, but carefully, and only the owner should do this (a dog may well bite a stranger).
What to feed the Pekingese? Meals should be healthy and balanced, so that the menu can include meat (both boiled and raw), sea fish, various cereals (buckwheat, rice), eggs, fruits, greens, vegetables. You can give specialized feed. Fat, sweet, smoked, marinated, flour are contraindicated. Food should be slightly warmed, but not hot or cold.
Choosing a puppy
If you come to the nursery or to the breeder, but surely all the puppies will seem funny and cute to you.But make a choice, and to make it right, pay attention to the behavior. The puppy must be mobile and active. His tail, as a rule, is raised and towers above the body. Look at the eyes: they should be clear, without discharge. Evaluate and clean the ears. Also ask the breeder about the pedigree, the conditions of detention and the vaccinations.
If you list the faults of the breed, then they can include health problems, and some are peculiar to this particular breed.
So, the possible threats:
- Diseases or heart defects, in particular, problems with valves or defects of the ventricular septum.
- Urolithiasis disease.
- Pathology of the structure or functioning of intervertebral discs.
- Perianal gland adenomas.
- The eyes are a weak spot, and especially problems such as ulcerative lesions of the cornea, cataract and ectropion of the eyelid (that is, its reversal causing partial loss of the eyeball) occur.
Viscous Pekingese - a difficult process, which is associated with the peculiarities of the structure of the body. Thus, due to the rush of blood to the genitals, brain hypoxia may occur, which, in turn, often leads to loss of consciousness.Sexual maturity occurs at about 6-7 months, but it is better to wait until 10 or up to a year.
Difficulties may arise during childbirth, as the heads of puppies often do not correspond to the size of the female's birth canal, and this complicates delivery. To avoid problems and get a healthy litter, as well as to facilitate the task of a pet, it is advisable to seek help from an experienced veterinarian (if necessary, he will perform a cesarean section).
If you have weighed all the pros and cons, are ready to put up with all the shortcomings of the Pekingese and provide your pet with care and attention, then feel free to go to the nursery!
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